cart
Black Swallow Living Soils
search

Other

Building a high quality soil is as much an art as it is a science. Humics, innoculents, rice hulls, and lots of other good stuff can be found here.

"For all his sophistication, man owes his very existence to four inches of topsoil and the fact that it rains". Paul Harvey

Aloe Flakes - QM200X Organic

Aloe Flakes - QM200X Organic

Aloe is one of those super products that falls in line with kelp, comfrey and alfalfa- it offers an exceptional level of plant benefits in a simple format. Aloe Vera is one of the richest plant sources of saponins, and in addition to this, is a very good source of salycilic acids.

However, a little goes a very long way. Simply take 1/8th of a teaspoon and mix with 1 gallon of water. The flakes are easier to mix than the powder, so you can agitate the aloe flakes in 1 cup of water first, in a protein shake container, and shake vigorously. Then add this to the 1 gallon of water for a foliar application.

As this product contains no preservatives, do not attempt to store any material that you have mixed with water. It should be used within the same day that you mixed it up.

Storage Instructions: Store in a cool dry place and make sure no moisture can enter the bag for longer shelf life.

28 Grams $28
112 Grams $100
Barley Straw - Organic

Barley Straw - Organic

There are two things that anyone should do when trying to build the soil biology in their gardens- one is to grow a cover crop on the soil at all times possible and the other is to use a mulch like organic barley straw. When applying a mulch, you only need an inch or so of mulch to provide a good cover. This helps to accomplish two important aspects of good soil health. The first is that it helps to maintain the moisture levels in your soil. If you allow the top levels of your soil to dry out, then you risk killing off valuable soil biology in that upper layer that you have worked hard to establish. Sencondly, a good mulch provides a great ecosystem for the larger biology in the soil, especially the worms. You often will see worms on the surface of the soil scurry away from the light as the established mulch is pulled off.

This is an organic barley straw that we run up to the St. Jacobs area to obtain. One bale covers a fair area- 200 sq ft approx.

bale $20
Bio-Char Charged

Bio-Char Charged

Charged Biochar has been exposed to a bath of microbial life and nutrients through our own exclusive method. This product is ready to be added to your soil.

2 gallon $16
5 gallon $30
Bio-Char Uncharged

Bio-Char Uncharged

This is the raw biochar- a shiny smaller particle charcoal-like product that has not been introduced to any processes necessary to build the nutrient and microbial benefits that are found in the charged product. You can think of this as the 'structure' that houses the microbes. However, if added to the soil in this state, it will rob nutrients from your soil for a year or more as it pulls the nutrients into itself.

This product is great for adding to your compost piles so that it becomes charged in the process of your compost breaking down. If you want to add biochar to your soil or planters, then it is better to use our already 'charged' product.

40lb bag $34.99
Black Earth Humic Acid Granular

Black Earth Humic Acid Granular

Black Earth Mini-Granule fine (OMRI Listed) is suitable as a soil amendment, and fertilizer enhancer. This product can also be used as a microbial growth promoter for soil remediation and waste treatment.

5lb $10
55lb $60
Bokashi Compost System

Bokashi Compost System

My good Green Compost system is an efficient and effective alternative to the green bin and traditional composting. It turns all food scraps, including meats, cheeses and small bones into nutrient-rich soil in weeks, all without the labour, odours and questionable results of traditional composting.

Can't get to your garden in the winter months?

Not a problem! This compost system is perfect for indoor use.

Each $79.99
Bokashi Pro-Gro

Bokashi Pro-Gro

We are very excited to have discovered this product recently. Regular bokashi is mainly made out of wheat bran that has had a synergistic combination of photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria and yeast grown on its surface, and then dried. When introduced to your garden soil, these wondrous microbes then play a significant role in reviving your soil and plant health.

Pro-Gro Bokashi goes a couple steps further. In addition to the red wheat bran and microbes, it also contains the excellent rock dust Carbonatite, organic hemp seed protiens, kelp powder, organic beetroot juice, EM ceramic powder and a proprietary blend of vitamins, minerals and superfood complex. This product is essentially a bokashi on steroids!

The probiotic, beneficial, anaerobic bacteria that are grown in the red wheat bran work in conjunction with the aerobic microbes in the soil to help to establish the biology that forms the crucial soil web. However, it is the additional ingredients that are found in Pro-Gro Bokashi that are specifically formulated to keep the microbial biology alive and flourishing once it has been established.

It is this consortia of beneficial bacteria and fungi that are necessary in the soil for most of the decomposition processes, as well as building immune defenses in plants. It is this same microbiology that ultimately builds up the humics in the soil, which coordinates the overall immune and nutrient uptake.

Pro-Gro Bokashi is used primarily as a top dress to your existing soils by spreading ¼ cup on the surface of each sq ft of soil. It also can be used as an amendment when making soil for raised beds or container planters, at a rate of 1 cup of bokashi to each cubic foot of soil.

1.5 kg/3.3 lbs $39.95
Bran for Bokashi

Bran for Bokashi

6kg $20
Bubble Snake

Bubble Snake

The Bubble Snake is a well designed, easy to clean compost tea brewing aerator. Designed for a 5 gallon bucket, the loop of this two piece system fills the interior base of the bucket, allowing you to easily connect an appropriately sized pump to the aerator. The holes in the bottom of the aerator loop create large bubbles which create mixing currents in the brew bucket. This in turn ensures a well oxygenated tea which is central to any compost tea system.

The large bubbles created by the BubbleSnake create mixing currents in the brew vessel, ensuring a well oxygenated system. It has been developed by over time through feedback from real gardeners. The number one reason why the BubbleSnake is better, it's easy to clean. No more clogged air stones or algae ridden knots of air tubing. Finish Grade PVC does not stain and wipes clean after use. Pop off the end and blow out with water, you are ready for the next batch of A.A.C.T. Don't be fooled by the simplicity, this widget works.

We have a comopst tea bag that clips onto the top of the snake, into which you place your compost mix. This hangs central to the bucket, and the bubbles wash the microorganisms out of the mix and into the water.

Each $46.95
Bubble Snake Compost Tea Bag

Bubble Snake Compost Tea Bag

The TeaLAB Brew Bag holds the compost mix and is suspended to the top of the Bubble Snake by means of a carabiner clip. The top of the bag is rolled down and clipped to secure it closed. The bag is made of a strong, nylon fabric that is so durable you can use it to scrub out your brew vessel. It's 400 micro mesh is ideal for brewing compost teas.

Each $38.95
Endomycorrhizal Inoculant

Endomycorrhizal Inoculant

What if you could significantly increase the amount of nutrients in the soil that your roots can access? What if you could greatly increase the area that your roots can receive expanded nutritional benefit from?

Hold that thought, and now consider this- in one cubic centimetre of soil, there can be as much as 100 meters of mycorrhizal fungi. And now for the important fact- there are some types of mycorrhizal fungi that will enter into a symbiotic relationship with your plants, and potentially deliver the benefits indicated above.

But before we go there, let’s get some terminology down. The term ‘mycorrhiza’ does not mean ‘fungi’. Rather, it references the symbiotic relationship, or mutually beneficial relationship (think good ol’ give & take) between fungi and roots. The plural of mycorrhiza is mycorrhizae, while mycorrhizal fungi is the term used to describe the type of mutually beneficial fungi that interact with your plant roots.

There are are two main mycorrhizae- endomycorrhizal fungi, which we are interested in and ectomycorrhizal fungi, which colonize the roots of some trees. Endomycorrhizal fungal hyphae- exceedingly thin fungi strands- enter the cells of the roots to exchange nutrients there. Of the endo variety, only two interact with your plants- Glomus Intaradices and to a lesser extent, Glomus Mosseae. Often you will find Intaradices as a stand alone product in the marketplace, as it is the main colonizer of most plants.

Choose a product that has as high a spore/propagule count per gram as possible. This will maximize your chances of colonizing the roots of your plants. If you look at many of the mycorrhizal products available, you will find on the label their spore count- usually stated in spores or propagules per gram. Some are as low as 100 spores per gram. We have sourced the most concentrated product we can find, which comes in at 12,000 spores per gram.

The best way to colonize the roots is to apply the spores, in a powder form, to your seed at planting time. Other than this, apply the powder directly to the plant roots when transplanting.

5 grams $10
11 grams $20
Fulvic Acid

Fulvic Acid

Humic and fulvic acids have long been known by science to actively promote strong and vibrant plant growth. These essential ingredients of a healthy soil are formed through the breakdown of decaying plant matter over many years, as the organic matter is transformed by microbial growth into smaller and smaller molecules. The fulvic acid is a derivative of humic acid and has electrical charges that allow its molecules to draw trace minerals and enzymes to their surfaces. These fulvic molecules have essentially become bio acive chelators, combining available nutrients that are then easily absorbed by the plant roots, along with their bonded mineral content. The nutrient availability to the plant is very efficiently and significantly increased, resulting in larger yields, along with an enhanced development of secondary metabolites, such as aroma, flavour and overall terpene level production. Fulvic acid is fully active at all ph levels and is therefor more efficient than humic acid.

We have chosen the Mr. Fulvic brand after extensive review of various fulvic products. Not all humic sources are equal. Some fulvics are derived from coal by products, known as Leonardite. While these sources yield some value as soil amendments, they do not have the same complex mix of more than 70 trace minerals, elements, organic acids, and electrolytes that other humate sources have. Extractions from these sources result in salt forms of fulvic acid, and do not contain the rich quantities of organic acids that are contained in Mr. Fulvic, which is mined from unique deposits of humic shale. These fulvics are extracted with a proprietary purified water technique, resulting in a production that is rich in trace minerals, beneficial organic acids, and remarkably high levels of fulvic acids. No other product on the market comes close to the 12.5% fulvic level concentration found in Mr. Fulvic. Omri listed.

Grow-Sil

Grow-Sil

This product is an awesome source of silica. It is made from rice hulls and is 99.9% pure natural silica that is instantly available.

No heavy metals.

Exceptional Flowability.

Neutral pH of 7.0

Directions: Mix 1/8 – ¼ tsp per 3.8 liters of water.

1lb $28.99
Humic Acid 80% 0-0-5 Powder

Humic Acid 80% 0-0-5 Powder

Water Soluable

1lb $11
Inoculant Bacterial

Inoculant Bacterial

Earth Alive Soil Activator® is a soil inoculant designed for organic and conventional agriculture and is composed of a blend of naturally-occurring soil microorganisms with a proprietary synergist. It does not contain genetically modified organisms or chemically synthesized materials.

When applied to soil, preferably at plant establishment, the beneficial microorganisms of Earth Alive Soil Activator® (strains of Bacillus and Pseudomonas) come to life, multiplying and colonizing the rhizosphere – the narrow region of soil around the roots of the plant.

The beneficial microbial population works in tandem with other active ingredients and improves plant nutrient uptake by converting the soil minerals into easily absorbable nutrients, thus promoting the plant’s health and growth.

The multiple modes of action offered by Earth Alive Soil Activator® produce more vigorous growth and higher yields, resulting in more sustainable agricultural practices and increased profitability for growers.

1lb $12
Insect Frass

Insect Frass

Insect frass is a very interesting product. Frass is to insects what castings are to worms- it is the waste product left over from the consumption of vegetable matter by insect populations. The term ‘frass’ has German roots, and means ‘devouring like a beast’, which points to the ravenous devouring of vast amounts of plant material, resulting in a type of well rounded compost produced by herbivore digesting insects.

In searching for the best frass source we could find, we settled on a product that is the result of a black soldier fly operation, the larvae of which are one of natures best recyclers. These larvae are fed traceable, pre consumer waste food from farms and processors. Over 30% of the world’s food is wasted before it reaches the end consumer, and this is processed by the larvae into a sustainable, 100% organic product that provides diverse amino acids and beneficial microbial populations.

It is harvested and then run through a hammer mill, producing a very fine textured product that readily breaks down into a bio available form for the plants uptake. This also allows it to be water soluble, which benefits fertigation and hydroponic practices. When mixing soil, use 1 cup per cubic foot of soil. It can be used as an amendment by sprinkling a bit over the top of the soil every few weeks while the growth is building. It can also be used as a tea: add ½ cup of frass to a gallon of dechlorinated water and use this to drench the roots of your plants within two hours of mixing.

1 lb $7.75
15 lb $75
K-Mag 0-0-22

K-Mag 0-0-22

K-Mag is a unique OMRI approved product that is made up of a readily available sulphur, potassium and magnesium that are blended in balanced proportions. It is 100% water soluble and goes to work immediately, yet dissolves slowly, resisting rapid leaching from the soil. Because it is a neutral salt, it will not change the soil ph.

1lb $2
20kg $40
Karanja Cake

Karanja Cake

1 lb $4.25
44 lb $160
Karanja Oil - Ahimsa Organics

Karanja Oil - Ahimsa Organics

8oz $14
1 Gallon $175
Modern Microbes - The Comprehensive Inoculant

Modern Microbes - The Comprehensive Inoculant

Our blend of microbial & fungal life is what setsusapart, so we figured we’d share what makes us special.

Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria

Azotobacter chroococcum –This bacterial species creates an enzyme, Nitrogenase, which reducesnitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3). (1) This provides Nitrogen forthe plant. To top it off,this doesn’t cause any damage to our waterways via excess nitrates as Nitrogen fertilizers can.

(1) –Potential Use of Azotobacter Chroococcum in Crop Production: An Overview

Azotobacter vinelandii– This bacterial species also creates the enzyme, Nitrogenase, which reducesnitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3). Provides the same benefits as above, but adds to the diversity and nitrogen provided.

Azospirillum brasilense – Out of the species discussed, this is probably the most well known. As with the previous strains, creates the enzymes Nitrogenase for nitrogen fixing. In addition it creates a number of growth promoting hormones. (2)

(2) –Plant Growth Substances Produced by Azospirillum brasilense and Their Effect on the Growth of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum L.)

Azospirillum lipoferum –This bacterial species is mostly known for its use fixing nitrogen for legumes, however, among other plants it can also increases the number of lateral roots and root hairs. This enlarges the root surface available for nutrients, resulting in a higher nutrient uptake by inoculated roots and an improved waterabsorption of the plant. (3)

(3) – Azospirillum, a free-living nitrogen-fixing bacterium closely associated with grasses: genetic, biochemical and ecological aspects

Bradyrhizobium japonicum –This is a nitrogen fixing microbial species that associates with Legumes.

SolubilizingBacteria

Bacillus megaterium –This strain can produces organic acids that naturally chelate phosphorus into a plant soluble state withcalcium. It also protect against Fusarium wilt, a common pathogen for plants. (4) It creates proteins, and enzymes that are beneficial to plants.(5) It even does it part with bioremediation. (6)

(4) – Bacillus subtilis SQR 9 can control Fusarium wilt in cucumber by colonizing plant roots

(5) – Bacillus megaterium–from simple soil bacterium to industrial protein production host

(6) –Crude petroleum-oil biodegradation efficiency of Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from a petroleum-oil contaminated soil from North-East India

Bacillus polymyxa (Paenibacillus) –Thisplant growth promoting rhizobacterium is capable of fixingnitrogen, protection against some forms of bacterial wilt, and even creates a host of beneficialplant hormonessuch as polymyxin, and beta-amylase which are capable of solubilizing phosphorus into exchangeable form.(7)Interestingly, this strain of bacteria is even found in Neosporin®, because of its ability to produce compounds that are antimicrobial against bacteria that can cause human infection.

(7) –Ecology and biotechnological potential of Paenibacillus polymyxa: a minireview

Bacillus Spp. – With Bacillus Spp., it creates hydrogen ions that encourage hydrolysis, which when combined with the organic acids it produceshydroxy carbolic acids which aids in solubilization of Silica.

Frateuria aurantia –This is a Proteobacteria species, named after Joseph Frateur, a Belgian microbiologist, that solubilizes Potassium. (8)

(8) –Frateuria, a New Genus for “Acetobacter aurantius”

Torulaspora globosa – Belonging to the Saccharomycetaceae family, that is known to help solubilizePotassium (11)

(11) –Release of Potassium from Rock Powder by the YeastTorulaspora globosa

BeneficialBacteria

Bacillus subtilis – Here’sa champion when it comes to bacteria, used on an industrial scale. Because it can break down many forms of proteins and other organic compounds it plays a large role in regulation of the carbon and nitrogen cycle. It promotes the viability and growth of lactobacillus, part of why our blend works so well with EM-1 or any form of EM-1 Kashi.(9)

(9) – Improved growth and viability of lactobacilli in the presence of Bacillus subtilis (natto), catalase, or subtilisin.

Bacillus coagulans – This plant growth promoting bacteria in the Bacillus family produces lactic acids, plant growth promoting phytochemicals, and interacts positively with mycorrhiza. (10)

(10) –Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus and plant growth promoting rhizomicroorganisms on medicinal plant Solanum viarum seedlings.

Beneficial Fungi

Mycorrhizae – Mycorrhizae formssymbiotic relationship withthe roots of a host plant.

Trichoderma harzianum – This fungus is often used as a biofungicide. It can be used as a seed treatment, foliar application, and soil treatment to suppress a variety of diseases including Botrytis, and Fusarium.

4oz $57.99
9oz $115.99
1 kilo $455.99
Molasses - Organic

Molasses - Organic

32oz $15
Neem Cake - Ahimsa Organics

Neem Cake - Ahimsa Organics

Note; 3 Cups/1 lb

1lb $4.25
44lb $160
Neem Oil - Ahimsa Organics

Neem Oil - Ahimsa Organics

8 oz $16
1 Gallon $165
Pacific Natural Fish Hydrolysate

Pacific Natural Fish Hydrolysate

Features & Benefits

Fish Hydrolysate is a cold-processed, live and nutrient-rich fertilizer, not sterilized with high heat like fish emulsion. This product is 100% natural with no chemicals added.

Soil Health

  • Helps replenish the microbiology destroyed by pesticides, herbicides, chemical fungicides, etc.
  • Excellent food source for micro-organisms and mycorrhizae that aid the roots in nutrient and water adsorption.
  • Excellent food source for earthworms that increase organic matter in soil.
3.8 Liter $25.95
9.45 Liter $54.95
1 Liter $15
Peat

Peat

3.8 Cubic foot compressed OMRI Listed

1 bale $15
Perlite

Perlite

4 Cuft Bag

Bag $25
Pumice

Pumice

Pumice is a relatively light weight porous stone material that is used in soils to provide aeration to mixes. Because it is a stone material, it does not break down in the soil. Its porous nature allows it to suck up and hold onto moisture, while permitting excess water to flow through the mix easily.

Its alternative in a soil mix is rice hulls. Some prefer the pumice as rice hulls will eventually break down. However, in our own observation this takes at least 4-5 years to occur. And considering that when rice hulls break down, they release their significant silica content to the surrounding soil, then there are obvious advantages to both materials in a soil mix.

1 cubic foot $30
Rice Hulls

Rice Hulls

One cubic foot is about 8.74 lbs

50lb $55
Soap nuts

Soap nuts

per 100 grams $3.95
Synergro by Inocucor

Synergro by Inocucor

We get a lot of folk come thru who are transitioning from a hydro approach to a living soil approach. Most are busy reading, listening and learning the science behind a living soil system. But this is a steep learning curve, and does not come quickly for many. Especially when it comes to understanding the biology of their soil. So we were quite excited when we came across the Inocucor folk at the Guelph Organic Conference. They produce, in Quebec, Synergro- an exciting blend of 7 different bacteria- Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus helveticus, Lactobacillus Plantarum, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactococcus lactis and Rhodoseudomonas palustris, including the champion of bacteria- Bacillus Subtilis, along with it's powerhouse brother- Rhodoseudomonas palustris, or purple non sulphur bacteria, frequently called simply psnb.

In addition to these are 3 different yeasts and fungi- Saccharomyces Cerevisae, Candida Utilis, and Aspergillus Oryzae. This creates a synergistic and very functional formula of active metabolites, amino acids & enzymes. The very noticeable result is increased productivity and resilience in plants, and a boost in your soil health. Used at a 1:100 ratio with water for drench or foliage applications, this is a very affordable and beneficial product to apply in your gardens.

1 Litre $39.99
3.78 Litre $129.95
ThermX Yucca Powder

ThermX Yucca Powder

Surfactants, or wetting agents, are a valuable tool in the garden. Some of the best wetting agents are derived from yucca, which has a high saponin content. This natural compound of the Yucca Schidigera plant helps the plant to overcome water stress and when extracted, can be used to improve the soil's absorption and dispersal of both water and nutrients by reducing the natural surface tension. This allows plant roots to absorb more of what is available to them as the water and nutrients are distributed more evenly.

Yucca powder reduce unwanted salt buildup by reducing dry pocket formation within the soil and washing concentrated salts past the root zone (they have also been known to help keep drip emitters clean). In the case of excessive mineral buildup, yucca powders will reduce the amount of water necessary to flush the soil. Saponins and complex carbohydrates present in yucca provide slow-release food sources for many soil-dwelling microorganisms. As a result, many compost tea recipes use yucca. Yucca commonly contain micronutrients such as iron, zinc, manganese and copper as well.

Anyone who has mixed their own soil, has seen how much effort it takes to get the peat to take up the moisture- it seems to resist water absorption. However mix a bit of yucca powder into your soil mix and you will quickly see a change in the rate of water uptake.

Use at a rate of 4 oz powder to 1 yard of mix.

1lb $12.95
Thermx-70 Yucca Extract

Thermx-70 Yucca Extract

Surfactants, or wetting agents, are a valuable tool in the garden. Some of the best wetting agents are derived from yucca, which has a high saponin content. This natural compound of the Yucca Schidigera plant helps the plant to overcome water stress and when extracted, can be used to improve the soil's absorption and dispersal of both water and nutrients by reducing the natural surface tension. This allows plant roots to absorb more of what is available to them as the water and nutrients are distributed more evenly.

Yucca extracts reduce unwanted salt buildup by reducing dry pocket formation within the soil and washing concentrated salts past the root zone (they have also been known to help keep drip emitters clean). In the case of excessive mineral buildup, yucca extracts will reduce the amount of water necessary to flush the soil. Saponins and complex carbohydrates present in yucca extracts provide slow-release food sources for many soil-dwelling microorganisms. As a result, many compost tea recipes use yucca extracts. Yucca extracts commonly contain micronutrients such as iron, zinc, manganese and copper as well.

Anyone who has mixed their own soil, has seen how much effort it takes to get the peat to take up the moisture- it seems to resist water absorption. However mix a bit of yucca extract into the water that you are using to hydrate the sphagnum and you will quickly see a change in the rate of water uptake.

Application Rate:

Wetting Agent:

Per acre use 2-3 oz per acre mixed with enough water to cover area.

Less than one acre use ¼ tsp per gallon water.

Soil Treatment: Use once per year on pH neutral to acidic soil; twice per year for alkaline soil.

Use 16 oz. per acre. Mix with enough water to cover the entire area.

Less than one acre use 1-2 tsp per gallon of water

1 Qt $56.90
1 gallon $169
Trellis Netting 6" sq by 78"

Trellis Netting 6" sq by 78"

1' $0.75
Trim bin

Trim bin

The trim bin is an essential tool for any one that has trimming to do.

The trim bin by Harvest-More is the premier trim tray on the market. Sturdy and ergonomically designed, Trim Bin allows for stress-free trimming sessions and high yields.

Trim Bin by Harvest-More Features:

  • 1 top bin with 150 micron interchangeable stainless steel screen
  • 1 bottom bin with mirror finish collection tray
  • High molded walls keep your work contained
  • 1 static brush by Harvest More to sweep up pollen
  • Made from 100% recyclable polypropylene
  • Easy to clean. Easy to carry
1 $65.99
Urban Worm Bag w/o Frame

Urban Worm Bag w/o Frame

Probably the single most effective thing you can do for your garden is to produce your own vermicompost. Yes, you can purchase worm castings, however nothing compares to the quality that you can produce yourself. Vermicompost is its own living ecosystem, potentially full of beneficial bacteria, fungi, hormones, all standing ready to breathe life into your soil.

These Urban Worm bags are a new design to the market and are already a hit. They are made of a tough 900D Oxford nylon fabric that will not rip. The seams are heavily stitched, and the zippers are marine grade, which all help to back up the lifetime warranty on these bags. The engineered construction of these bags helps maintain the critical aerobic conditions throughout the entirety of the vermicomposting process.

Conservatively, worms can eat 25-50% of their own weight per day and at maximum density, you will have around 2 lbs of worms per square foot. To start with however, we recommend that you begin with only 1 lb of worms.

The Urban Worm Bag has roughly 4 square feet of surface area. So an Urban Worm Bag stocked with 4lbs of worms will be able to process roughly 1-2 lbs of food waste per day under good conditions, roughly 50-70% of which will exit the worm in the form of worm castings.

Please note that in order to keep the pricing down on these, we sell the bag only. We do provide you with the details of how to make the frame and provide the frame separately as well.

Bag Only Height:22 in (56cm)

Bag Only Width:24 in (61 cm)

Bag Only Length:24 in (61 cm)

Weight:7.5 lbs (3.4 kg)

Volume at Max Load:5.3 cubic ft (122 liters)

Fabric:900D Oxford with a polyurethane coating for moisture resistance

Zippers: Marine-grade #8 heavy zippers

each $124
Vermiculite

Vermiculite

Medium 4 cuft bag

Bag $30